Who is Under OSHA’s Jurisdiction?

Discover the vital role of OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) in ensuring workplace safety. Formed in 1970, OSHA mandates employers to create safe, healthy work environments for their workforce. Over the years, it has significantly reduced workplace fatalities, reinforcing the importance of secure workplaces. OSHA's jurisdiction covers most companies, operating in all states, but certain exceptions exist. Self-employed individuals, immediate family members of certain farm employers, and companies with under 10 employees may not fall under its direct purview. Learn about both employee rights and employer requirements, including safety training, record-keeping, and protective equipment provision. Navigating OSHA regulations can be complex, so consider consulting occupational health professionals like Work Health Solutions for compliance and safety.
hazardous voltage sign on electrical panel

OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) is a federal agency within the U.S. Department of Labor responsible for enforcing workplace safety standards. OSHA was established to ensure safe working conditions for America’s workforce. Today, the agency enforces numerous laws and regulations designed to prevent injuries and illnesses in the workplace. OSHA requires many employers to comply with its standards and regulations. If they fail to do so, they face fines and penalties. Keep reading to find out what types of companies are under OSHA’s jurisdiction!

OSHA: A Brief History

President Richard Nixon created OSHA in 1970 through the Occupational Safety and Health Act as a national public health agency dedicated to improving working conditions across multiple industries. The administration makes the right to a safe work environment a basic human right. Under the act, employers are responsible for providing a safe and healthful workplace for their employees. Since its institution, OSHA has reduced the rate of workplace fatalities by 63%. In 1970, over 14,000 workers died on the job. In 2018, just over 5,000 workers died on the job.

Occupational injuries and illnesses cost American employers more than $97.4 billion annually in worker’s compensation costs alone. Lost productivity, employee training, and employee replacement costs can nearly double that number. Overall, OSHA has a positive impact on the working environment in the United States, but not all companies are under OSHA’s jurisdiction.

What Types of Companies are Under OSHA’s Jurisdiction?

OSHA covers most employees in the nation. It operates in all 50 states, Washington D.C., and other U.S. jurisdictions either through Federal OSHA or approved state programs. All state-run health and safety programs must be at least as effective as the federal OSHA program to receive approval. The OSH act also applies to the outer continental shelf lands as defined by the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act. Most private sector industries and companies are under OSHA’s jurisdiction. 

What Types of Companies are Not Under OSHA’s Jurisdiction?

Some companies are not under OSHA’s Jurisdiction. Those who are self-employed are not required to comply with OSHA regulations. Immediate family members of farm employers who do not employ outside employees are also not protected under these regulations. Companies with fewer than 10 workers are not required to maintain an injury and illness record. Finally, workers who are protected under another federal agency, like the Mine Safety and Health Administration and the Department of Energy, are not protected under OSHA. 

The Department of Transportation (DOT) is a slightly different story. There is some crossover between the responsibilities of the DOT and OSHA. Trucking companies are subject to OSHA standards in areas where DOT has not regulated specific working conditions. 

Employee Rights and Employer Requirements

Workers have many rights under OSHA. Employees can file confidential complaints with OSHA without fear of backlash from their employers. They can receive information and training regarding hazards that are specific to their working environment. They can also readily access records of work-related injuries and illnesses. 

On the other hand, employers have many responsibilities under OSHA’s jurisdiction. While the list of regulations and requirements is extensive, here is just a taste of what is required:

  • Prominently display the official “OSHA job safety and health, its the law” poster in the workplace.
  •  Inform workers about chemical or safety hazards through training, alarms, and labels.
  • Provide comprehensive safety training in an accessible language.
  • Keep accurate and complete records of work-related injuries and illnesses.
  • Perform health and safety tests in the workplace when required.
  • Provide necessary personal protective equipment (PPE) at no cost to workers.
  • Provide hearing exams or other medical tests as required by OSHA standards.
  • Post any OSHA citations and injury data where workers can easily view them.
  • Notify OSHA within 8 hours of a workplace fatality and 24 hours of any work-related hospitalizations.
  • Cannot retaliate against employees for reporting unsafe work conditions or work-related injuries.

For companies under OSHA’s jurisdiction, staying compliant with regulations can be very difficult, time-consuming, and confusing. A great way for employers to stay compliant is to reach out to an occupational health professional like Work Health Solutions. Occupational health providers help you make sure your employees are safe and healthy. Reach out to learn more about the types of services Work Health Solutions offers!

How Can We Help?

Work Health Solutions offers comprehensive healthcare solutions for your medical needs. Our qualified team treats patients and employers alike and always provides top-quality service. Our quality service is backed by years of experience working with academic and research institutions, corporate healthcare, Fortune 25 companies, small governments, and local businesses. Reach out today with any questions you may have about how we can assist you!

Work Health Solutions

Work Health Solutions

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Work Health Solutions is dedicated to preserving a safe work environment and improving existing programs and care for local, regional and national organizations.

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Dr. Michael Tenison

A series of notable accomplishments distinguish Dr. Michael Tenison’s career in medical operations and healthcare management:

  • Successfully led medical operations at a national healthcare provider, focusing on optimizing healthcare delivery and patient outcomes.
  • Oversaw the regional medical practices in key markets like Oregon and Northern California, ensuring consistent, quality medical care and service delivery.
  • Demonstrated exceptional leadership in building and mentoring a large medical provider team, enhancing team performance and patient care standards.
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  • Played a pivotal role in financial planning and identifying growth opportunities for healthcare services, contributing to the organization’s overall success.
  • Served as a primary point of contact for regional employer clients and insurance companies, fostering strong relationships and effective communication.
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Dr. Matt Feeley

Dr. Matt Feeley is a renowned figure in military aviation medicine, with a robust background in occupational and environmental medicine from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 

  • Former Naval Flight Surgeon, exemplifying his expertise in aerospace medicine and commitment to military health.
  • Served with distinction at NSA Bahrain and HSM-37, earning the COMPACFLT Flight Surgeon of the Year award for exceptional medical service.
  • Supported U.S. Marines VMFA-323 aboard the USS Nimitz, MACG-38, and VMU-3, demonstrating versatility and leadership in diverse medical environments.
  • Broad interests and significant contributions in global health, corporate medicine, and aerospace medicine, highlighting his multidisciplinary approach.
  • Proven track record as a dynamic leader, well-equipped to face the challenges in a fractional medical directorship role with innovative solutions.

Dr. Glen Cheng

A physician-attorney with a dedication to healthcare innovation, informatics, and digital health.

  • Currently spearheads employee health protection and promotion within the VA Pittsburgh Health Care System.
  • Trained in residency at Harvard, achieving board certification as a physician; also a licensed patent attorney with experience as FDA regulatory counsel.
  • Co-founded Acceleromics, a consulting firm providing clinical and regulatory guidance to digital health startups.

Erin Davis

 Chief Clinical Officer at Work Health Solutions, certified in Adult-Gerontology (AGNP-C) and Athletic Training (ATC).

  • Oversees clinical operations and ensures high clinical standards across the company’s national field staff.
  • Former Manager of Clinic Operations and Occupational Health Nurse Practitioner at Stanford University Occupational Health Center (SUOHC).
  • Specialized in treating occupational injuries and illnesses, and provided medical surveillance and travel medicine consults at Stanford and SLAC National Accelerator Lab.
  • Dedicated to sports and occupational injury treatment and prevention.
  • Assistant Clinical Faculty at UCSF, mentoring students in clinical rotations within the Adult Gerontology and Occupational and Environmental Health Program.
  • Holds leadership roles as Treasurer and President Elect of the California El Camino Real Association of Occupational Health Nurses (CECRAOHN), affiliated with the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses (AAOHN).

Dr. Robert Goldsmith

Expert in benefits design and onsite innovation with specialization in the pharmaceutical industry.

  • Previous role as Executive Director for Employee Health at Novartis Services, Inc., leading health services and clinical support.
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  • Former private practice in internal medicine in Stamford, Connecticut, and Medical Director consultant for GTE Corporation.
  • Transitioned to GE as a Global Medical Director in 2000.
  • Holds a medical degree from Albert Einstein College, an MPH from the University of Connecticut, and completed training at Greenwich Hospital and Yale-New Haven Medical Center.
  • Assistant professor in the Department of Medicine at the Vagelos School of Medicine, Columbia University.
  • Serves as a team physician for high school athletes in Stamford.
  • Published works on occupational health risks, primary prevention, and exercise-induced asthma.