Respiratory Protection in the Workplace: Strategies for Implementing Effective Programs

respiratory protection

Respiratory protection in the workplace is essential for safeguarding employee health, wellness, and safety. Yet, respiratory violations are among the top ten most frequently cited standards according to the Occupational Health and Safety Administration. To combat this issue and keep employees safe, many organizations are implementing comprehensive respiratory protection programs. In this article, we will delve into some strategies for implementing effective programs in response to respiratory hazards. This will include an overview of hazards in the workplace and the toll they can take on employees, as well as a comprehensive discussion about implementing and monitoring effective respiratory programs. An effective respiratory protection program isn’t just a compliance checkbox; it’s a lifeline for workers. 

Understanding Respiratory Hazards

The first step to creating an effective program is to understand the various respiratory challenges that employees may face on the job. Some of the common respiratory hazards in multiple sectors include:

  • Dust and Particulate Matter
  • Chemical Fumes and Vapors
  • Biological Agents, like Bacteria
  • Gases and Vapors
  • Asbestos and Fibrous Materials

Coming into contact with these hazards can lead to a variety of effects. Most immediately, some respiratory hazards can cause difficulty breathing, coughing, choking, or even severe health issues. However, prolonged exposure to specific hazards, like industrial dust or chemical fumes, can result in chronic health conditions, such as lung cancer or asthma.

Every industry has unique respiratory hazards. For example, medical employees may face hazards like viral infections, while employees in the construction industry may be more likely to face hazards like dust. Understanding these industry-specific hazards and the risks associated with those hazards is essential for designing an effective program.

Hazard Assessment and Control

Developing an effective respiratory protection program begins with thoroughly understanding workplace respiratory hazards. Start by identifying potential sources of hazards, like machinery that lets off dust or chemical vats. Employees are the most significant source of information regarding workplace hazards. After identifying potential respiratory risks, measure the exposure levels. An occupational health professional can sample the air and monitor the concentration and duration of exposure to different substances. 

Occupational health professionals can also identify what respiratory risks can be eliminated or substituted, as this is the most effective way to reduce exposure and protect employees’ health. If a hazard cannot be eliminated, then controls and personal protective equipment must be implemented. Safety regulations require some controls, like local exhaust ventilation systems and containment structures. However, other controls, like job rotation and training programs to reduce exposure, can be implemented by employers to reduce employees’ risk of illness.

The next step in developing an effective respiratory safety program is choosing and utilizing appropriate respiratory protection.

Selecting Appropriate Respiratory Protection

Respirators and other personal protective equipment (PPE) are vital for protecting the respiratory health of employees. Different industries and workplace hazards will require different kinds of respiratory protection. There are several factors to take into consideration when choosing proper respiratory protection. The first is the nature and concentration of the hazard. All respirators offer different levels of protection, so knowing the danger associated with inhaling the hazard is crucial.

Additionally, remember how long the employees should wear the respirator. Some occupations may require a respirator worn throughout an employee’s shift, while other tasks may only require a respirator for a short time. Regardless of the type of hazard or duration of wear, be sure to follow regulatory guidelines.

Types of Respirators

There are many types of respirators. Here is a brief overview of the primary respirator categories:

  • Particulate Respirators. This type of respirator, commonly known as N95 masks, filters out solid particles like dust and mist.
  • Gas and Vapor Respirators. Typically found as half-face or full-face masks, these respirators work in settings where gases and vapors are present.
  • Supplied Air Respirators. These respirators provide clean, breathable air from an external source to the wearer. These work for environments with extreme hazards.
  • Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus. These respirators include an independent air supply and provide the highest level of protection.

Training and Education

Once proper respiratory protection is selected, it is crucial to train employees on how to use it effectively. This is essential for employees to understand why the respirator is necessary and how to use it effectively. 

Training should start with a comprehensive discussion about the hazards present in the workplace and the controls put in place to protect the safety of employees’ respiratory systems. This helps motivate employees to take an active role in protecting themselves and others from these hazards. This discussion also explains how the selected respirator helps protect against workplace-specific hazards. Training should also include a clear demonstration of how to put on and take off the respirator. Allow employees to practice doing it themselves in a safe environment. This ensures that they are well-prepared before experiencing respiratory hazards. This sort of training seminar is excellent for new employees and current employees. It should be conducted regularly to ensure everyone remains updated with policies and procedures. 

Fit Testing and Seal Checks

Fit testing is a vital component of respiratory protection training. This OSHA-required process ensures that respirators fit wearers’ faces completely, creating a seal that prevents entry of contaminants. There are two standard methods of fit testing: qualitative testing and quantitative testing. Qualitative testing is reasonably subjective and relies on the wearer’s perception of a test agent. This process releases a test agent, such as a bitter or sweet solution, and asks the wearer if they can taste or smell it. Alternatively, quantitative fit testing is much more accurate and objective. An occupational health professional can conduct this method by utilizing specialized equipment to measure the concentration of particles inside versus outside the respirator. This process should be performed annually, or anytime the wearer experiences a substantial facial change, like weight loss or cosmetic surgery.

In addition to annual fit checks, daily seal checks can be performed by employees to ensure that their respirator fits. These procedures foster a culture of safety in the workplace, reducing the risk of avoidable accidents and occupational health issues.

Program Evaluation and Continuous Improvement

To develop a proper respiratory protection program, employers and occupational health professionals must collaborate to evaluate the program and make improvements continuously. This includes conducting regular assessments of the program’s effectiveness through employee feedback, incident analysis, and equipment functionality. This will provide information on the program’s effectiveness in protecting employee health and preventing accidents. 

Occupational health professionals can conduct regular risk assessments to account for any changes in the workplace. New equipment or materials might introduce new hazards. Additionally, these regular risk assessments help employers stay current with regulations and standards related to respiratory protection.

An effective respiratory protection program is crucial for maintaining a safe and healthy workforce. By mitigating hazards and using properly fitting respirators, employers can reduce the risk of long-term respiratory damage for employees.

How Can We Help?

Work Health Solutions offers comprehensive healthcare solutions for your medical needs. Our qualified team treats patients and employers alike and always provides top-quality service. We back our quality service with years of experience. We have worked with academic and research institutions, corporate healthcare, Fortune 25 companies, small governments, and local businesses. Reach out today with any questions about how we can assist you!

Work Health Solutions

Work Health Solutions

About Us

Work Health Solutions is dedicated to preserving a safe work environment and improving existing programs and care for local, regional and national organizations.

Share This Post


Recent Posts

Speak with an Occupational Health Specialist

If you have questions about Work Health Solution's occupational health services or if you need to purchase bulk medical supplies, such as COVID-19 testing kits, please contact us.

Get in Touch

Dr. Michael Tenison

A series of notable accomplishments distinguish Dr. Michael Tenison’s career in medical operations and healthcare management:

  • Successfully led medical operations at a national healthcare provider, focusing on optimizing healthcare delivery and patient outcomes.
  • Oversaw the regional medical practices in key markets like Oregon and Northern California, ensuring consistent, quality medical care and service delivery.
  • Demonstrated exceptional leadership in building and mentoring a large medical provider team, enhancing team performance and patient care standards.
  • Implemented strategic company policies and protocols, significantly improving center efficiency, clinical quality, and patient experiences.
  • Played a pivotal role in financial planning and identifying growth opportunities for healthcare services, contributing to the organization’s overall success.
  • Served as a primary point of contact for regional employer clients and insurance companies, fostering strong relationships and effective communication.
  • Maintained high medical care and case management standards through diligent supervision, chart audits, and performance metric analysis.

Dr. Matt Feeley

Dr. Matt Feeley is a renowned figure in military aviation medicine, with a robust background in occupational and environmental medicine from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 

  • Former Naval Flight Surgeon, exemplifying his expertise in aerospace medicine and commitment to military health.
  • Served with distinction at NSA Bahrain and HSM-37, earning the COMPACFLT Flight Surgeon of the Year award for exceptional medical service.
  • Supported U.S. Marines VMFA-323 aboard the USS Nimitz, MACG-38, and VMU-3, demonstrating versatility and leadership in diverse medical environments.
  • Broad interests and significant contributions in global health, corporate medicine, and aerospace medicine, highlighting his multidisciplinary approach.
  • Proven track record as a dynamic leader, well-equipped to face the challenges in a fractional medical directorship role with innovative solutions.

Dr. Glen Cheng

A physician-attorney with a dedication to healthcare innovation, informatics, and digital health.

  • Currently spearheads employee health protection and promotion within the VA Pittsburgh Health Care System.
  • Trained in residency at Harvard, achieving board certification as a physician; also a licensed patent attorney with experience as FDA regulatory counsel.
  • Co-founded Acceleromics, a consulting firm providing clinical and regulatory guidance to digital health startups.

Erin Davis

 Chief Clinical Officer at Work Health Solutions, certified in Adult-Gerontology (AGNP-C) and Athletic Training (ATC).

  • Oversees clinical operations and ensures high clinical standards across the company’s national field staff.
  • Former Manager of Clinic Operations and Occupational Health Nurse Practitioner at Stanford University Occupational Health Center (SUOHC).
  • Specialized in treating occupational injuries and illnesses, and provided medical surveillance and travel medicine consults at Stanford and SLAC National Accelerator Lab.
  • Dedicated to sports and occupational injury treatment and prevention.
  • Assistant Clinical Faculty at UCSF, mentoring students in clinical rotations within the Adult Gerontology and Occupational and Environmental Health Program.
  • Holds leadership roles as Treasurer and President Elect of the California El Camino Real Association of Occupational Health Nurses (CECRAOHN), affiliated with the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses (AAOHN).

Dr. Robert Goldsmith

Expert in benefits design and onsite innovation with specialization in the pharmaceutical industry.

  • Previous role as Executive Director for Employee Health at Novartis Services, Inc., leading health services and clinical support.
  • Instrumental in creating an integrated healthcare system at Novartis.
  • Former private practice in internal medicine in Stamford, Connecticut, and Medical Director consultant for GTE Corporation.
  • Transitioned to GE as a Global Medical Director in 2000.
  • Holds a medical degree from Albert Einstein College, an MPH from the University of Connecticut, and completed training at Greenwich Hospital and Yale-New Haven Medical Center.
  • Assistant professor in the Department of Medicine at the Vagelos School of Medicine, Columbia University.
  • Serves as a team physician for high school athletes in Stamford.
  • Published works on occupational health risks, primary prevention, and exercise-induced asthma.